You are one step closer toward your goal of learning English – but what type of English are you looking to learn? There is British English (also commonly referred to as the Queen’s English), Australian English, Canadian English, don’t forget American English, and many others.
Types of English Dialects
Obviously, the many dialects are not so different that they are unrecognizable – when you put a British and American together, they can communicate just fine. However, you will start noticing subtle differences like the pronunciation, idiomatic expressions, slags, and vocabulary.
noun, often attributive \ˈdī-ə-ˌlekt\
Definition of DIALECT
1 a regional variety of language distinguished by features of vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation from other regional varieties and constituting together with them a single language
the Doric dialect of ancient Greek
According to Merriam Webster Dictionary
If this was not complicated enough, you will also notice that there are regional dialects within countries. For example, someone from Alabama traveling to Minnesota will find that they have a distinct dialect. In fact, there are at least fou
r major regional differences spoken in the US:
- Western English
- Midland English
- Southern English
- Northern English
You will also notice different dialects in British English such as in the United Kingdom, England, Wales, and Scotland. Do you remember the George and Ira Gershwin song called “Let’s Call the Whole Thing Off”?
You say either and I say either, You say neither and I say neither
Either, either Neither, neither, Let’s call the whole thing off.
You like potato and I like potahto, You like tomato and I like tomahto
Potato, potahto, Tomato, tomahto, Let’s call the whole thing off
There is no song that better emphasizes language dialects better, the first pronunciation is in American English followed by the British English version. Even though there are many dialects of English found throughout the world, you will find that most English speakers learn British or American English.
Choosing Which Dialect To Study
- Choose a commonly spoken form
Our advice is to choose the most commonly spoken form of English that you intend to use in a professional or educational setting. If you are planning to learn English in a foreign country, chances are that you will learn the dialect of that area – so choose not only your country wisely, but the region as well!
- Think about any exams you need to take
If you need to take an English language exam to meet you company or school requirements, be sure to find out what exam you will be taking and what dialect of English the test will be in. If you are going to be taking the TOEFL which is primarily a US-based test, you will want to concentrate on American English. Contrarily, if you will be taking the IELTS, British or Australian English will be your main focus. Many exams will want consistency, so just make sure that you follow the same dialect throughout the entire length of the exam.
- Decide based on the school you’ll be enrolling in
As a student of English, you will find that many institutes will already have a form of English taught. You will find British or US language schools around the world with native speakers ready to teach you a particular dialect. Before enrolling, think about:
– What dialect do people speak around me?
– Is it important to my company, school or organization to speak a particular dialect?
– Do I see myself in certain region of the world that would make a dialect more attractive than another?
– Do I need to take an exam geared toward a specific dialect?
These are all important questions to ask yourself before learning English. Keep in mind that language is fluid and learning one dialect will help you learn others. In the end, you may find that it does not even matter which dialect you study. If you are in an environment that speaks a different form of English that you initially study, you will see that overtime your English will change and adapt. That being said, learning English – no matter what dialect – will be an important step in communicating with the world around you!